Creating AdvancedTest Plan in JMeter

The need for creating an Advanced Test Plan comes in when the test requires any of the following

  • The need to validate results based on updates to a field in the db
  • To use Input File in order to parameterize the input variable
  • Use of While, If-Else controller

Steps to be followed while recording a advanced script

  • Open a new Test Plan
  • Right click on Test Plan->Add->Threads (users)->Thread Group
  • Right click on Thread Group->Add->Config Element->CSV Data Set Config
  • Right click on Thread Group->Add->Config Element->Http Cookie Manager
  • Right click on Thread Group->Add->Config Element->Http Header Manager
  • Right click on Thread Group->Add->Logic Controller->Transaction Controller
  • Right click on Thread Group->Add->Logic Controller->Recording Controller
  • Right click on WorkBench->Add->Non-Test Elements->Http Proxy Server
  • Click on Http Proxy Server, from the Target Controller Drop down select ‘Transaction Controller->Recording Controller’
  • To exclude images, Add rows in the ‘URL Patterns to Exclude’ and use the code ”.*\jpg” , “.*\gif” , “.*\png”
  • Right click on Recording Controller->Add->Config Element->JDBC Connection Configuration. This is used to create Database connection. We include Database URL, JDBC Driver Class, Username, and Password
  • Right click on Recording Controller->Add-> Config Element->User Defined Variables. This is used to replace Hard-coded values say Username,Syntax is ‘Variable name = Variable value’ and use ${variable name} in the script instead of hard-coded value(s).
  • Right click->Recording Controller->Add->Logic Controller->While Controller
  • Right click on While Controller->Add->Sampler ->JDBC Request. This sampler is used to send SQL Query to the Database.

Note:

Before using JDBC Request Sampler we need to set up ‘JDBC Connection Configuration’ configuration element

  • Right click on While Controller->Add->Sampler->Debug Sampler. It generates the sample of all values of JMeter variables
  • Similarly we can we generate the sample of all values of JMeter properties and system properties. Presently in our scripts we set these 2 properties to false.
  • Right click on While Controller->Add->Timer->Constant Timer
  • This timer pauses for the set amount of time between requests .If we don’t add a delay, JMeter could overwhelm the server by making too many requests in a short amount of time.

Please note

  • Before recording go to Internet Explorer->Tools->Internet options->Connection->LAN settings
  • Check the Proxy server, address: localhost; port: 8080, click ok
  • Click on Start to record the script
  • Once recording is over, click Stop and save as a jmx file

Using Transaction Controllers in the Test Plan

  • Grouping the test action within a Transaction Controller helps the normal user to understand the script more effectively than recording an entire script in one full stretch.
  • To add a Transaction Controller, right click on Thread Group->Add->Logic Controller->Transaction Controller
  • Transaction Controller measures the overall time taken to perform nested test elements
  • Once the entire script is executed, click on View Results Tree and select Transaction controller, this controller gives the overall time taken to process the request (load time). The load time will is shown in milli seconds.
  • For n multi-users, once the scripts are executed there will be ‘n’ Transaction controllers within the View Results Tree. Each Transaction controller when clicked shows 3 tabs – Sampler, Request and Response. By default sampler tab is shown.

Assume a user logins to online shopping website and performs a search on 5 different products. While the script is under execution, the progress of the script parsing through 5 different products is reflected in the statement – “Search Transaction Controller 1-4” . This means of the 5 searches, 4th has been completed.

Merging Scripts

Two or more scripts can be merged into a single Test Plan. Assume we have three scripts merged in the order say

  1. Create Profile (This script is executed by 10 users)
  2. Basic Search (This script is executed by another 10 users)
  3. Signing up on an online shopping website (This script is executed by another 5 users)

Steps to be followed while merging the scripts

  • Open any existing test plan say ‘CreateProfile.jmx’
  • Right click on Test Plan-> Merge
  • Select the test plan which you want to merge say ‘BasicSearch.jmx’

A new thread group is displayed along with the existing thread group In order to avoid confusions, it would be better to rename the thread group(s) merged.

When the merged script is executed, there will be 25 (10+10+5 users) Transaction controllers now present in the Test Plan. During execution, each of the 3 merged scripts will tracked independently , i.e if the Transaction Controller shows ‘Basic search Transaction Controller 2-6’; this implies the 6th search of the 2nd merged script has just completed execution.

Input File (Comma delimited (CSV) file)

The recorded scripts can be executed with multiple users, by parameterizing our scripts. This can be done in two ways:

  1. User defined variables
  2. Input file

CSV file is very useful while executing the JMeter script(s) with ‘n’ multiple users. The attached screenshot (CSV.jpg) have 3 columns. First column is for Username, second column is for password and third column is for server name.

On executing the script after parameterizing, the script fetches the value from the CSV file, substitutes in the corresponding request and sends it to the server.

Points to be noted while using a CSV file

  • Open a excel file and provide the required information say Username, Password, Server name etc under each column which we would like to pass as an input parameter to the script.
  • Save the excel file as .csv

In the Test plan, configure CSV Data Set Config as follows, click on CSV Data Set ConfigCSV Data Set Config as follows, click on CSV Data Set Config

Filename: filename.csv

File encoding: leave it as blank

Variable Names (comma-delimited): Specify the names for parameters (values) specified in each column in the CSV file. Later use this variable name in the script as ‘${variablename}’ Delimiter (use \t for tab): ,

Allow quoted data?: False

Recycle on EOF? : True

Stop thread on EOF? : False

Sharing mode: All threads

Note:

  • The first variable name entered in the Variable Names text box contains the value of the first column of the CSV file and so on.
  • Replace values with corresponding variable names in the form ‘${variable name}’ throughout the script.
  • It would be even better to rename the transaction controller and recording controller that we use in our scripts. After executing multiple scripts say 15 users, there will be 15 different transaction controllers within the View Results Tree. Each Transaction controller gives the Load time of the performed scenarios say Create Profile, Basic search or any other scenarios.


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